Wales has a long history of battles for independence and identity. Since the 15th century it has been governed by England though The creation of the National Assembly for Wales in 1999 represented a new era. For the first time Welsh Ministers based in Wales could make policies and regulations, tailor-made for Wales and often distinct from those implemented elsewhere in the UK.
Ancient castles are dotted across the country and can still be accessed today.
The Welsh Academy: Encyclopaedia of Wales, University of Wales Press
The Matter of Wales: Epic Views of a Small Country by Jan Morris
A History of Wales by John Davies
Imaging the Nation (Visual Culture of Wales) by Peter Lord
National Library of Wales: http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=122