Working in Wales
The organisation which controls entry into the UK and allows foreign nationals to work in the UK is the UK Border Agency (UKBA), an agency of the Home Office.
Prior to November 2008, the UKBA was responsible for the issuing of Work Permits and Visas. The Work Permit scheme was replaced by the points-based Certificate of Sponsorship system. Employers wishing to employ migrants from non-EEA countries can no longer apply for work permits.
Note : Work permit arrangements will continue for employers wishing to recruit Bulgarian and Romanian nationals. For more information about the different kind of work permits for those two countries can be obtained here : http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/eea/workpermits/applying/
Note : the EEA is Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Irish Republic, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom. Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway are not members of the European Union (EU) but citizens of these countries have the same rights to enter, live in and work in the United Kingdom as EU citizens.
All other countries now use the points-based sponsorship scheme. A comparison between the pre-2008 immigration work routes and work permits and its current point-based system replacement can be found here : http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100406104852/http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/comparisons/
What does this mean for artists?
Most artists coming to the UK from non-EEA countries will be categorised under Tier 1, 2 or 5 depending on the circumstances
Tier 1 – Highly Skilled Workers
Tier 2 (General)
Tier 5 (Creative and Sporting)
Tier 1 allows highly skilled people to come to the UK to look for work or self-employment opportunities.Ties 2 (General) is for people coming to the UK with a skilled job offer to fill a gap in the workforce that cannot be filled by a settled worker. Tier 5 (Creative and Sporting) is for people coming to the United Kingdom to work or perform as sports people, entertainers or creative artists for up to 12 months.
There is also an entertainers visitor visa for those artists for specific cultural events, and this is not points-based.
We urge you to look at the information on the UK Border Agency website to see which category is most appropriate for you as an organisation or as a foreign national artist aiming to work in the UK
Tier 1 information - http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/tier1/general/
Tier 2 information - http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/tier2/general/
Tier 5 information – https://www.gov.uk/tier-5-temporary-worker-creative-and-sporting-visa
If you are intending to invite an artist over from a non-EEA country, you will need to become a sponsor and obtain a sponsor licence. Details of the scheme and the online application for a sponsor licence can be found here
Note – although there is a European Community Association Agreement (ECAA) between the UK and Turkey regarding entry into the UK, you will still need to apply via the points based system unless the artist has already been working in the UK for a certain amount of time – see here for more details - http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/turkish/workers/
The UKBA also has points based online calculator which can be used for guidance for those wanting to see if they have enough points to be granted a certificate of sponsorship
If you are still unsure about which tier the artist is covered, we recommend that you contact the UK Border Agency directly by phone or email :
General sponsorship enquiries - sponsorshipPBSenquiries@ukba.gsi.gov.uk.
Enquiries related to visits to your organisation - firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone: 0300 123 4699
Opening Hours: Monday to Friday 0900 - 1700 (excluding public holidays)
For more general advice and information about bringing international artists to the UK to work please go to http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/
Changes to Immigration Rules
Home Office immigration rules pre-dating 06 April 2012 do not permit business or creative activities to be undertaken as a visitor where the individual receives a fee payment. However, from 06 April 2012 the Home Office is amending the visitor rules to create a new category for a small number of pre-arranged, specified permitted activities which will allow the visitor to receive fee payment.
The new route ("permitted paid engagements") will cater for a limited group of migrants who are invited to come to the UK because of their particular skill or expertise. The individual must be able to show that they have a formal invitation to carry out the engagement, and that the specific activity relates to their area of expertise and/or qualifications, and full-time occupation overseas. The permitted activities include:
- Professional artists, entertainers or sports-persons carrying out an activity relating to their main profession (e.g. artists exhibiting and selling their works; authors doing book signings; entertainers giving one-off or a short series of performances and sports-persons providing guest commentary in their field of sport).
- Professionals invited by a UK higher education institution or other research or arts organisation to give one or a short series of paid lectures in their field of expertise as a visiting lecturer.
- Examiners/assessors invited to participate in and/or chair a selection panel as part of that institution or organisation’s quality assurance processes.
Overview of the new route:
- One month leave to enter: invited to undertake pre-arranged fee-paid engagements permitted within this period
- No formal sponsorship required
- Engagement to be evidenced by invitation, and to show that it relates to the individual’s expertise and/or qualifications, and main occupation overseas
- Visa nationals are required to apply for entry clearance (single entry visa issued)
- No switching into other categories or extensions of leave permitted when in country
- Must be a genuine visitor and intend to leave after one month
For further information visit:
Home Office main website:
Does the Certificate of Sponsorship replace a visa?
No - you will still need a Visa in addition to the Certificate of Sponsorship as these two documents serve different purposes. The Certificate will act as an assurance that you are able to undertake a particular job and intend to do so, and is separate to a visa which is to allow entry into the UK. An example is a visual artist from the United States coming to the UK to take part in a residency may not need a visa for a short working stay of up to 6 months, but will need a certificate of sponsorship.
A list of countries which visas are required can be found at the UK Border Agency website - http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/policyandlaw/immigrationlaw/immigratio...
Note : Visas are NOT required for:
• EEA nationals. Member countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom. From 1st May 2004, most nationals of certain new member states will be subject to the Accession State Worker Registration Scheme (WRS) – nationals of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia or Slovenia and want to work for one month or more for a United Kingdom employer must register under the WRS.- details and how to register can be found on the UK Border Agency website - http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/eea/wrs/
• Citizens of Switzerland;
• British Overseas Territories Citizens (these are: Anguila, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Virgin Islands, British Indian Ocean Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands and dependencies, Gibraltar, Monserrat, Pitcairn Islands, St. Helena and dependencies and Turks and Caicos Islands) except those from Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus which do require a Certificate of Sponsorship;
• Commonwealth citizens who were allowed to enter or remain in the UK on the basis that a grandparent was born in the UK;
• Those who do not have any conditions attached to their stay in the UK;
Who can apply?
For Tier 2 and 5 Certificates of Sponsorship, the SPONSOR (potential UK ‘employer’) needs to apply using the online service provided by the UKBA
Artists can only apply directly for an Entertainer Visitor Certificate/Visa but must check that the purpose of their visit to the UK fits one of the criteria assigned. The criteria are available to look at here : http://www.ukvisas.gov.uk/en/howtoapply/infs/inf2visitors#15387279
Note : Employers based in Jersey, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man, have separate visa arrangements. More information can be found here http://www.ukvisas.gov.uk/en/doineedvisa/channelislandisleman
A person from a non-EEA country who is subject to immigration control will most probably require a Certificate of Sponsorship.
Who cannot apply?
• Individuals on their own behalf;
• Overseas companies, unless they have a UK presence (e.g. a branch office);
• Recruitment and employment agencies and other similar businesses.
Other important notes
Certificates of Sponsorship must be obtained by an employer before the artist enters the UK.
When visiting the UK, the artist requires a Certificate of Sponsorship and a visa (if appropriate), which is electronically checked by UK Immigration. Certificates of Sponsorship are essential either for the artist to obtain an entry visa to enter the UK or for an exit visa for them to leave their home country. It is essential that the British employer who applies for a Certificate of Sponsorship allows sufficient time for the full application process.
If a person moves to a different employer or organisation while in the UK, the current employer has an obligation to advise the UKBA of this.
Note - The issue of a Certificate of Sponsorship does NOT guarantee entry into the UK or that a visa (if required) will be issued. See further information in the ‘Visa’ section
Application for Sportspeople and Entertainers’ Certificates of Sponsorship – Notes for Employers
Entertainer visitor Certificates of Sponsorship are available (outside the point-based system) for artists entering the UK for participation in specific cultural events. For the full criteria, see the UK Border Agency website
When to apply
Applications should be made once you have found the artist, You can apply for your visa within three months of your intended date of travel, so it is advisable to apply for the Certificate of Sponsorship prior to that. The artist can enter the UK anytime after your visa issue date but not before. For more information about visa processing times, see
http://www.ukvisas.gov.uk/en/howtoapply/processingtimes - there is currently no official guidance on issuing of Certificates of Sponsorships, but from our experience, the application to be a sponsor takes a minimum of 8 weeks
How to apply
To apply to be a sponsor, or to login to the online sponsorship page, you will need to visit the UKBA website
Note : A licensed sponsor is responsible for ensuring that migrants comply with their immigration conditions, by keeping records on them and reporting any changes (such as a failure to turn up for work) to us. If you do not comply with your duties, you can have your licence downgraded or withdrawn.
You must be an established and legitimate organisation working within the law in the UK that will meet its sponsorship duties as you will be asked to provide documentation (eg. previous 2 years sets of accounts, certificate of incorporation if applicable, a copy of the company’s public liability insurance, proof of a bank account/bank statements, proof of registration with HM Revenue and Customs etc). The UKBA will check that contractual details are bona fide i.e. adherence to the National Minimum Wage and Working Time Regulations; and that fees are commensurate to those paid to equivalent British employees. Public galleries or exhibition spaces that have little or no commercial activity can submit examples of official printed gallery publicity, exhibition catalogues or leaflets as proof of their established employer status.
A more detailed explaination is given on the UKBA site: http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/employers/points/sponsoringmigrants/su...
A valid application must is one that contains all documents demanded for and sent within 14 calendar days of completion of the electronic application online.
Guidance notes can be downloaded from
If you sponsor creative workers in dance, theatre, film and television, you must follow the appropriate Codes of Practice produced by the sector and agreed with the authorities.
Applying for a Certificate of Sponsorship
1. Before any certificates can be issued, the employer needs to hold a license to sponsor. (use the link above to apply)
2. All applications must be made by the prospective sponsor. A Representative can help with the procedure but cannot submit it under any circumstance.
3. Applications for first, multiple entry or change of Certificates of Sponsorship can be made online using the online sponsor application on the UKBA website.
Guidelines for Tiers 2 & 5
Once the license to sponsor has been granted, the online Sponsorship Management System allows you to apply for certificates online. Note: Currently (August 2010), this is the only way to apply for certificates of sponsorship)
More detail can be found here:
A clear step-by-step guide on how to use the system can be downloaded from http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/sitecontent/documents/employersandspon....
Length of Permits
Tier 2 workers will be given permission to stay for up to three years, depending on the length of their expected employment. Tier 5 workers’ maximum length of stay depends on the sub-category they are part of. Extensions can be issued under given circumstances. If these cannot be satisfied, the workers can always exit the UK and reapply for permission to enter under a new certificate of sponsorship. More information can be found here
Charges for Sponsorship Certificates
These vary per Tier and are subject to change:
Tier Cost of certificate of sponsorship (August 2010)
Tier 2 £170
Tier 5 £10
Sponsors issuing certificates of sponsorship (under tier 2 or tier 5 only) to nationals from the following countries do not have to pay a fee:
Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Georgia, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, Turkey and Ukraine. These countries have ratified the 1961 Council of Europe Charter or the 1996 European Social Charter (revised).
Further information and application details can be found at: http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/
Further Information and Contacts
Department for Business Innovations and Skills: http://www.bis.gov.uk/
The BIS website has extensive advice on all areas of the business and employment sector
The UK Government public services website has extensive information on all aspects of employment in the UK, including pay, conditions and contracts
Health and Safety Executive: www.hse.gov.uk
Tel: HSE Infoline 08701 545500
Citizens Advice Bureau Advice Guide: www.adviceguide.org.uk
Regional UK telephone numbers are included on this web site.
Confederation of British Industry: www.cbi.org.uk
The website displays information on what the CBI does but its enquiry service does not extend to non-members.
British Employment Law: www.emplaw.co.uk
Publishes information on employment law and has a regional search function to find solicitors in the UK.
The Voluntary Sector Legal Handbook by Sandy Adirondack & James Sinclair Taylor
Published by Directory of Social Change, 24 Stephenson Way, London NW1 2DP;
Tel: 08450 777707; Email: email@example.com; www.dsc.org.uk